Tips for speaking Spanish:

Most words are spoken exactly as they appear. Spanish is a phonetic language. With few exceptions, the words are said as they appear.

Exceptions:

H is normally silent

LL sounds like a Y

J sounds like an H

N with a ~ above it sounds like NY or “nyuh”

Vowels: always pronounced exactly the same way. There are no multiple sounding verbs in Spanish.

a – “ah” sounds like Mom or Dog

e – “eh” like Ted or Head

i – “ee” like geek or speak

o – “oh” like toe or no, but said very fast cutting off the ow sound at the end.

u – ” oo” like shoe or two

y – “ee” not used very much except as AND like “perro y gato” ( dog and cat )

Letter Combinations

ue as in que ( what ). Sounds like hay or may. There is no W sound here. It is not ” KWAY

ui as in izquierda ( left ) sounds like key or me There is no W sound here. It is not ” KWEY

If you practice the above rules, you can pronounce most any Spanish word you see.

Numbers

1 – uno
2 – dos
3 – tres
4 – quatro
5 – cinco
6 – seis
7 – siete
8 – ocho
9 – nueve
10 – diez
11 – once
12 – doce
13 – trece

 

14 – catorce
15 – quince
16 – diez y seis
17 – diez y siete
18 – diez y ocho
19 – diez y nueve
20 – vente
25 – venticinco
50 – cinquenta
75 – setenticinco
100 – ciento or cien
1000 – mi

Common Phrases

Hello
¡Hola!
Good morning
Buenos dias
Good afternoon
Buenas tardes
Good evening
Buenas noches
Hi. How are you?
¡Hola! ¿Cómo está?
I am well. And you?
Estoy bien. ¿Y usted?
What is your name
¿Como se llama?
What is your name?
¿Cual es su nombre?
Bye! –
¡Adios!
See you later
Hasta luego
See you in the morning
Hasta mañana
(Literally) Go with God
Vaya con dios Farewell
Good luck!
¡Buena suerte!
I don’t speak Spanish
No hablo español

 

Where is..
Donde Esta…
Please
Por Favor
Pardon me
Perdóneme
What do you call this?
¿Cómo se le llama a esto?
I would like…
Quisiera….
What is your name?
¿Cuál es su nombre?
My name is…
Me llamo…
I don’t know
No lo sé…
I am thirsty
Tengo sed
I am hungry
Tengo hambre
I do not understand
No entiendo
Do you speak English?
¿Habla inglés?
How Much is..
Cuanto Questa(an)…
Where’s the hotel?
¿Dónde está el hotel?

General Information

Months

January – Enero
February – Febrero
March – Marzo
April – Abril
May – Mayo
June – Junio
July – Julio
August – Agusto
September – Septiembre
October – Octubre
November – Noviembre
December – Diciembre

Colors

Black – Negro
Red – Rojo
Green- Verde
Blue – Azul
Yellow – Amarillo
White – Blanco

Beverages

Beer- Cerveza
Tea – Te
Coffee – Cafe
Alcoholic Beverages – Bebidas Alcoholicas
Drinking Water – Agua Pura

Days of the Week

Monday – Lunes
Tuesday – Martes
Wednesday – Miercoles
Thursday – Jueves
Friday – Viernes
Saturday – Sabado
Sunday – Domingo

Useful Terms

Hot – Calor
Cold – Frio
Air Conditioning – Aire Aconditionado
Private Bath – Bano Privado
Car – Auto or Coche
Bus- Omnibus or Autobus
Truck- Camion or Troka

Compass Headings

North – Norte
South – Sur
East – Este
West – Oeste

Fishing and Boating

Wave – Ola
Free-spool – Linea libre
Tangle (backlash) – Enredar
Tide – Marea
Seaweed – Sargaso
Jump – Salto
Slack – Floja
He is tail wrapped. – La cola esta atrapada.
He is coming up. – El esta subiendo.
The fish is up. – El esta arriba.
He is down. – El esta abajo.
More drag. – Mas trabaja.
Less drag. – Menos trabaja.
He’s not hungry. – El no tiene hambre.
He’s very strong. – Es muy fuerte
Too bad! – Que lastima!
I’m glad. (This pleases me.) – Me alegro. (Me allegro esto)
I’m pleased. – Tengo mucho gusto.
Bad hook up. – Mal ansuelado.
Fishing rod – Cana de pescar.
Fishing reel – Carrete.
Drag – Freno
Fishing line – Piola, Linea
Thread – Hilo
Fishing socket belt – Cinturon
Harness – Guarniciones
Swivel – Destorsedor
Leader (wire) – Alambre, Empate
Hook – Anzuelo
Gaff (large) – Gancho grande
Hand gaff – Gancho de mano
Bait – Carnada
Club – Clava, Palo
Needle – Aguja
Feather Jig – Pluma

 

Fly – Mosca
Flag – Bandera
Cushions – Cogines
Life preservers – Salvavidas
Ice box – Caja de hielo
Fighting Chair – Silla de batalla, silla giratoria
Motor – Motor
Steering Wheel – Volante
Propeller – Helice
Throttle – Acelerador
Carburetor – Carburador
Spark Plug – Bujia
Wrench – Llave de tuercas
Anchor – Ancla
Rope – Lazo
Lights – Luz, Luces
Bow – Proa
Stern – Popa
Gas tank – Tanque de gasolina
Oil – Aceite
Keel (bottom) – Quilla
Small boat – Bote pequeno, bote chico
Pliers – Alicates, pinsas
Screwdriver – Desarmador
Screw – Tornillo
Toliet (bathroom) – Excusado (bano)
Toliet Paper – Papel para excusado
Awning – Toldo
Battery – Bateria
Rudder – Timon
Bilge – Pantoque
Pump – Pomba
Outrigger – Batanga
Port Side – Babor
Starboard – Estribor

Marine Animals

Bonefish – Macabi
Butterfly bass – Pavon mariposa
Dolphin – Delphin
Flying fish – Pez volador
Giant Black Seabass – Garupa
Jack Crevalle – Toro
Lobster – Langosta
Mackerel – Macarela
Manta Ray – Mantaraya
Marlin – Marlin
Mullet – Mugil or Mugol
Needle Fish – Paz Agula
Oysters – Ostiones
Peacock Bass – Pavon Cinchado
Porpoise – Ochinito, puerco marino
Roosterfish – Pez gallo

 

Sailfish – Pez vela
Sardine – Sardina
Sea Lion – Leon marino
Seal – Foca
Shark – Tiburon
Shrimp – Camarones
Snapper – Pargo
Snook – Robalo
“Strong Fish” – Pez fuerte
Tarpon – Sabalo
Tuna – Atun
Turtle – Tortuga
Trout – Trucha
Whale – Ballena
Yellowtail – Jurel